Business Project

Starting point of the BWT steering marketing case to be developed during sessions.

BWT Company was established in 1990 to produce water treatment products and services that are economic. It has set worldwide technology standards for the water technology enterprise through its high-quality processes, goods and services. Although the company is based in Europe, it has branches all over the world in locations such as USA, Germany, Austria, Italy, Benelux and Switzerland. Their range of products includes; water in air- conditioning systems, heating water systems, process water and water for pharmaceutical industry, swimming pool water, and drinking water.

Water is an essential requirement in almost everything done by human beings, and, therefore, water supply to the market, collection, and treatment of wastewater encompasses the capital investment in infrastructure.

Consumer Amount spent on Water Intake (In USD)
Municipal Apex $25.3 billion
Federal Apex $ 8.9 billion
Packaged Water Companies $6.1 billion
Industrial Services $3.7 billion
Irrigation Equipments $1.6 billion

Table 1.1: US water market percentage out of $113 billion

The US water sector is characterized by a high water usage with the average American family using more than 300 gallons daily.

Reasons of Water Usage Percentage of Water being used
Showers 16.8
Toilets 26.7
Washing machines 21.7
Faucets 15.7
Leaks 13.7
Others 5.3

Table 1.2: Water usage in household chores (out of the 70% of total consumption)

The statistics for the remaining 30% used as follows: thermoelectric power-41.5%, irrigation-37%, agriculture- 2/6%, industrial use and 5% for industrial purposes.

Areas where water is used Percentage of Water being used
Thermoelectric power 41.5
Irrigation 37
Agriculture 2.6
Other Industrial purposes 5

Table 1.3: Water usage by industries (Out of the remaining 30% of total consumption)

Their products in the area of water treatment include electrolysis systems, micro-Nano filtration, reverse osmosis systems, de-carbonization, UV systems, electro-dialysis, ozone technology, electrode ionization and electrolysis services. Their products are distributed by a network of over 2600 employees.

State Percentage of total withdrawals Cumulative percentage of total withdrawals
California 11 11
Texas 7 18
Idaho 5 23
Florida 4 27
Illinois 4 30

Table 1.4: Total Water Withdrawals, top states, 2010

The above mentioned data shows that the amount of water being utilized in the United States is being used simultaneously by multiple states. While some states are conservative in using water supplies, others are not that careful. This is leading to a serious condition of water crisis in many other parts of the country.

Various type of information is crucial for the development of a marketing plan. Any company developing the plan must, therefore, carry out an evaluation to determine both the information available and to miss. There is no structured and detailed knowledge about the countries water stakeholders. Information about the primary source of water, the characteristics of the other water providers or even their mode of operations is missing. Information about the external forces influencing the water sector in the US also has to be sought.

The water company faces competition from other water supplies such as American water, Cambrian Innovation, Coca-Cola Company among others. These companies have similar objectives of providing safe water, supplying clean and affordable water. In addition to the company’s focus on maintaining a sustainable supply. Competition may be as a result of other companies improved the technology of smart meters, acoustic pipeline monitoring systems and a quick response team with automated water pump schedules for improved efficiency.

The BWT Company needs to know the demands and needs of the consumers before venturing into the territory. In the market there are many companies that claim to provide the best water to the people but the customer statistics say a different story.

Year Gallons (per capita) Annual % change
2010 28.3 2.7
2011 29.2 3.2
2012 30.8 5.4
2013 32.0 4.0

Table 2: U.S. Bottled Water Market (Per Capita Consumption)

The above mentioned statistics show that the demand of bottled water is increasing by the day and people want their water to be safe. This is a booming prospect of growth for the companies that want to be in this field. The BWT Company can think of better avenues with such statistics.

Beverage Marketing Corporation (2014), Beverage Marketing Corporation Report.

BWT (2015) Best Water Technologies Company. Retrieved November 6, 2015 from

U.S. Geological Survey (2010), Total Water Use.

WS (n.d) Water Use Today. Retrieved November 6, 2015 from



The Right Place at the Right Time


Michael Oher has the kind of story that anyone can enjoy and learn from, a coming of age story where a young man with huge potential has no prospects or resources, but a dream that will carry him through whatever hardships he must endure.  However, dreams do not provide one with the assets to accomplish these goals.  Enter the Tuohy family, a rich white family growing up on the other side of Memphis, the city where Michael lives.  The father, Sean Tuohy sees his past in Michael and wants to help him.  The mother, Leigh Anne, sees the complete wreck that is Michael and takes him in as her own among her two other children.  While adoption is prevalent in today’s society, Michael was no ordinary addition to the Tuohy family.  A giant African-American boy as big as a sumo wrestler appearing on a Christmas card with a white family definitely came to be a surprise for many.  The addition of Michael serves to be mutually beneficial as Michael learns what it is like to be in a loving family and the Tuohy’s find love in a new family member who opens them up to another side of life.  In the book, The Blind Side by Michael Lewis, Michael Oher demonstrates how upgrading social classes can direct someone to be successful by; promoting a growth mindset, providing a encouraging community, and rediscovering hope in pursuing goals that were once thought impossible.

Michael’s relocation from his original working class group to the esteemed executive elite schools provided him with the opportunity he needed to find his success.  These two social classes are on opposite sides of their spectrum as described by Jean Anyon in her essay, Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work.  The working class, which is where Michael was born and raised, consists of families with low income, many below the poverty level.  Fathers and mothers hold low paying unskilled labor jobs find it difficult to properly supplement their children’s education.  In schools children are given few opportunities to properly learn.  According to Jean Anyon, “Work is following the steps of a procedure…It tells them exactly what to do, or they couldn’t do it” (3-4).  The kids are given rules to follow and if they cannot absorb the concept from the notes, then they are deemed incapable.  The lack of a proper learning experience leads students to believe they have no capabilities and no ability to make their own life.  Michael was never able to learn this way and the teachers assumed he was incapable and just passed him along the public school system.  Michael dealt with these poor situations by putting school at a low priority but then along came the Tuohy’s, transporting Michael to a new world.  The executive elite social class.  Many of the families in this area have mothers or fathers who hold high ranking jobs with big corporations, or have had great success in entrepreneurship.  Many families can afford additional benefits such as tutoring.  The schools make it a goal to help kids realize their potential allowing them the chance to figure out the concept.  Teachers would say “Even if you don’t know…you can figure it out and I’m asking you questions to help you think it through” (Anyon 11).  The students in these schools are being trained to figure out problems rather than being told by written notes.  Michael’s tutor, Miss Sue, was very adamant in helping Michael realize his knowledge, reminding him that he has the capability; he just needed to utilize it effectively.  Had Michael stayed in the working class setting, he would have never had the opportunity to learn what he could accomplish.

Michael had the opportunity, but he still needed to overcome his previous sixteen years of poor conditioning in learning.  Michael Oher’s change in social class allows him to adapt a growth mindset and overcome the setbacks on his way to success.  The case with lower social classes is that the fixed mindset is terribly spread throughout the students.  Many of the kids are stereotyped to be poor learners and the students almost epitomize the fixed mindset others create for them (Dweck 4).  Carol Dweck, author of Brainology, states that a fixed mindset is the belief that intelligence is fixed and set.  Difficult tasks require a higher intelligence and if they believe they do not posses enough of it, the task is not accomplishable.  Contrary to this viewpoint, the growth mindset is the belief that intelligence is a potential and is developed through learning.  The amount of effort put into any single task will determine the outcome and overcoming difficulties is part of the task.  During his younger years in school, Michael showed little to no ability to learn as he performed poorly in his early years with low grades and non-existent attendance.  Teachers would just pass him along as to avoid dealing with such a terrible student.  The teachers were under the assumption that he would never become any smarter and that it was someone else’s problem.  At Briarcrest, many of the teachers were equally skeptical of Michael’s ability, he himself would say that he did not know the material and wondered why he was tested on something he did not know.  However, the teachers at Braircrest were more resourceful and determined than the ones who had passed him along in the working class schools.  With Leigh Anne Tuohy’s push and the addition of a tutor, they were able to find how what learning style maximized Michael’s ability to learn.  As Michael embraced this learning style and improved his school work, he adopted a growth mindset giving himself more confidence in his ability to overcome challenges and eventually rose up to be an excellent student.  The fixed mindset that is so prevalent in lower class schools proved to be wrong as the growth mindset in higher class schools developed Michael to be positive about education.

Michael Oher’s new environment in a higher social class provided the support and belief that encouraged him to succeed.  In his book, The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg talks about how when people in a community or group come together and believe in each other, their ability to make progressive changes is much improved.  Duhigg writes, “There are simply communities – who make change believable” (89).  He uses the example of the Indianapolis Colts football team who had been struggling to get a Super Bowl win due to the lack of combined team effort from the players.  Their coach, Tony Dungy, underwent a massive tragedy with the loss of his oldest son.  The players highly respected their coach and decided that it was their responsibility to take on this event with him. This single act brought the players and coaches even closer as they decided to put their efforts towards a greater cause of helping each other become better rather than focus on themselves.  The camaraderie between them helped them to fix their issues on the field and reach the Super Bowl win they had been chasing.  Michael Oher was hanging around people who believed he would grow up to be like every other boy in Hurt Village, joining the gangs and accomplishing nothing.  Michael had a friend named Zachary Bright, who matched him in athletic potential.  Zach was meant to go to a great school and become a player in the NFL, but his friends told him that college would be too hard for him and his girlfriend wanted him to stay in Memphis with the baby (Lewis 306).  Michael was facing the same regretful situation as Zach but the Tuohy’s intervention changed the outcome.  The Tuohy’s were one of those communities that provided encouragement and support which helped Michael believe he could succeed. His peers and other people around him started accepting him and rooting for his success.  With them at his back, he could work towards his dream.

The jump in social class provides Michael with all most of the assets to succeed, but without some sort of goal that can be chased, the given resources are wasted.  Michael Oher’s hope in achieving the immense goals he set for himself is revived with his change in social classes.  In his book, Drive, Daniel Pink says, “The most deeply motivated people – hitch their desires to a cause larger than themselves” (133).  Michael Oher talks about how he made a secret ambition, one that would prompt the direction he wanted to take throughout his life.  He told himself that he wanted to be the next Michael Jordan, one of the richest and most famous black athletes of our time.  However, to become a famous athlete one needs exposure to their game by playing at well-known schools and being watched by coaches and learning the game.  Michael lived in a run-down part of town called Hurt Village in the ghetto part of Memphis, Tennessee.  Hurt Village was known for its lack of employed residents, the presence of trafficking gangs, and drug addictions.  “People outside of Hurt Village did not associate with them.  The zip code for Hurt Village was social poison” (302).  No one in their right mind would take a chance with someone from this part of town as the risks were enormous.  This deprived Michael of any opportunity to learn game and better himself.  Rich families in wealthy neighborhoods, like the Tuohy’s, have no problem being contacted by the right people to help a child explore their capabilities. Once they took Michael under their care and presented him as a good-natured kid from a humble home, he had no problem with finding coaches to watch him as they were rushing over from all over the country to see him.  By leaving Hurt Village and moving to the affluent side of the social class spectrum, Michael was no longer burdened by the risks that came with living in a poor neighborhood.

It is not everyday that one could see a rich upper class family come down and adopt a poor child to raise into a successful person and that is for good reason.  Michael Oher had been a special man since birth.  Blessed with incredible size and athletic ability, but also the humbleness of a saint and the rationality to act morally good in a place such as Hurt Village filled with so many socially unacceptable things.  Most kids in this setting have trouble creating goals and if they do, the means of accomplishing them usually involve something illegal.  Not every child will be easily unconditioned as was Michael Oher.  Also, the entire process that Michael underwent required much emotional development and attachment.  The Tuohy’s had to endure much during Michael’s stay with them and their unique situation with the father growing up in similar conditions as Michael and possessing wealth is highly unique as well.  Overall, the events of the story are hard to use as generalizations for every case.  Nevertheless, Michael’s story does show us that anyone who is determined can create incredible goals and is willing and able to work towards these goals, with the resources of a higher social class, can achieve amazing things.

In conclusion, Michael Oher’s embodies what it means to retain hope in times of darkness.  With living conditions such as his there was no way he could achieve all he wanted.  Michael Oher and the Tuohy family were able to help each other as the Tuohy’s adopted a new son who introduced them to a lifestyle they had knew nothing about.  Michael on the other hand adopted a sense of dedication and finally knew what it was like to reside in a caring family.  While his name isn’t as famous as Michael Jordan, his development over the years with his new family assures readers that he is still trying.

Stratification/Class Theme


Sociological Concepts to Los Angeles/Southern California History and Popular Culture.

In the novel of Southland authored by Nina Revoyr, which is the award-winning novel, the author brings out clearly the issues of love, race, murder which form among the compelling stories against a backdrop of the Los Angeles. The author who was not an American by birth, experienced a hard time while being in the midst of the white children. The author further illustrates how it was difficult to have friends to socialize with in this setup, of a stratified society. Therefore, in this paper, I will be discussing the theme of stratification or class as pointed or brought out by Nina Revoyr.

The Southland novel gives a glimpse of the scandals, struggle and injustices seen in Los Angeles beginning the year of 1940s to the year 1990s, which was majorly composed of racial discrimination. More importantly in the novel, there are characters who are seen to be unique in that they used to interact with the conflict and were again forced to stay side-by-side in their separate attempt to be able to attain the Dream of Americans (Revoyr, 2003). The southland carries the readers to a journey via history which was full of tribulations and trials. Again, Los Angeles being the center stage, throughout the narration, the reader is able to understand that much more east taking place in the area which was contrary to what was promised by the boosters’ originally. This forms the theme of class that was not initially promised by existed in the society. Revoyr clearly states that Angeles Mesa during the period of the boosters, it was a place which was plagued by the dystopia. Similarly, the novel proves to be a story that demonstrates how gender, racial, and ethnic differences can perform a major role in the actions, perceptions and behavior staged by an individual towards other people.

In addition, the Southland novel unravels the fact that the Los Angeles was a city that was socially stratified, and was filled by the residents who were controlled by their differences. This was clearly seen on how people were treated during the period of 1940s-1960s, depending whether they were whites, blacks or Asian, especially in the area of Angeles Mesa, which is relevant to Southland. This majorly determined on how individuals were treated or perceived by others. In the cyclic rotation, this also contributed to how that person treated others. In the novel of Southland, the author introduces one of the characters named Nick Lawson to the readers.  Lawson was a white police officer during the period of Watts Riots in the year 1965. This character had the reputation of a racist towards the people of African-American. This officer generalized all African-American as criminals and employed aggressive force against them physically (Revoyr, 2003).

Moreover, it is also crucial to note that the novel helps to clearly illustrate how the issue of class was rampant in Los Angeles. The author having been raised among the white majority, as an individual from a minority background, it was clearly not easy to associate with the people in that locality. Again, the aspect of cross racial relation is seen in the novel that span in decades. The author was also interested in discovering the history of her family and concerning her life as well. The other striking incident is the discovery of what formed the dynamics of the district of Crenshaw, together with the economics and interracial relations in Los Angeles which could have sparked the riot that was witnessed (Revoyr, 2003).  This extracts helps to paint a clear picture on how the residents were angered with the continued deterioration of the issue of race. The magnitude if the aspect as illustrated seems to be wanting, in that it led to the loss of lives of the African-American people. In addition, the novel focuses on the quest for the present and past racial justice in Los Angeles. More specifically, the novel is the murder mystery novel that was occurring in the area of Los Angeles between 1940s and 1990s, when racism and discrimination was at all-time high. In this context, the level of class was also evident since animosity was employed against the minority groups. This helps to clearly depict the happenings that were clearly taking place in Los Angeles. The theme of class or stratification is brought out by the Revoyr in his novel, because he ventures into history by availing the references indicating the past dealing in Los Angeles, which had character interactions and racial issues.  This chronological happening that took place in the area; they can be understood in the context highlighted by the author. In addition, the story presents in the novel concerning the killing of the Japanese grandfather, helps to cement the aspect brought out by Revoyr in his writing. The level of animosity experienced at that time due to different classes that existed in the area of Los Angeles (Revoyr, 2003).

In conclusion, the theme of stratification or class is clearly discussed in the writing, and it is important to have ways that can ensure the repeat of the disastrous events championed by class targeting the individuals not belonging to their class or race, should be dealt with by the authorities in place, and to ensure that all residents in a given locality are treated equally. Moreover, there should be a continued effort to sensitize the younger generation concerning the dangers of engaging in such a vice. Therefore, the society should accommodate all residents (Revoyr, 2003).






Revoyr, N. (2003). Southland (First ed.). N.p.: kashic Books.







Staffing is the process of recruiting, selecting, developing, training and compensating the managerial personnel. It is like any other managerial function, something that the top management does from time to time. If it is a beginner enterprise or a newly created enterprise, staffing becomes the third step of managerial duty just after planning and organizing of the company. In a continuing enterprise, staffing is a continuous process done from time to time wherever need arises or understaffing occurs or even some new opportunities opening up. Staffing involves placement, growth and development of all the members of the enterprise and their function is to make things done through working together as one unit. Staffing includes every single level of management because probably even those found in lower positions today will be found in the higher ranks of tomorrow. The function of staffing involves the process of manning the structure of organization through clear, proper, effective selection, appraisal and development of different personnel to fill all the roles and levels designed in the organizational structure.

Staffing facilitates procurement and placement of the right people on the right jobs so basically it provides the correct jobs for people. Staffing is meant to be people centered and is also beneficial to the individual companies since it involves all personnel from different categories from the top to the bottom of the ladder. The staff includes the blue collar workers who are those who work on machines and engage in the loading and offloading and such manual work. Then there are the white collar workers who are the clerical workers. After those come the managerial and non-managerial personnel then followed by the professionals such as the company secretary, the company lawyers, and the chartered accountants. Staffing is a basic function of every manager. This activity is performed by the chief executive departmental managers and is performed at all levels. Staffing is also important because it trains and develops human resources. This is because every manager uses human relation skills in order to provide guidance and training to subordinates. The managers develop human relation skills that are much required in performance appraisal, promotion and transfer of subordinates. It is therefore of great importance that an organization to employ the right kinds of people and that they should also be given adequate training to minimize wastage.

Staffing primarily is an important aspect of efficient performance of the functions of management. This means that the staff should be competent. If an organization does not have the required and competent personnel, the organization would have low levels of performance. The performance, the organization would be at an all-time low. The functions of the company or enterprise would not run as expected. It is the staff at different levels and different departments that keep the company running and working effectively therefore with the right staffing, the right number and right qualifications, the work will be done wonderfully and the company ratings will increase and hence profits.

It is well known that it is the human factor that is quite instrumental in the effective use of all the latest technology, the capital material etc. the managers can ensure that all these resources that are at their disposal are effectively used towards enhancing performance of the organization. This is coupled with the fact that staffing increases the optimum utilization of human resources. Given that companies use a lot of money in staffing, training and developing these personnel not forgetting recruiting the staff and developing them into worthy employees, it is therefore logic that in order to get optimum output from staff, the correct staffing should be done and the process of staffing be done in an efficient manner.  Staffing in short therefore is important for effective output and use of human resource and effective use of technology in the company or organization.

Staffing is also important in the development of human capital. Doing this ensures the company’s efficiency in the future since management determines the man power requirements in advance. They do this through training the existing personnel for career advancements later on which also happens to be a form of staffing. Given that the behavior of human beings is shaped by different factors such as education level, socio cultural factors, staffing and correct staffing for that matter ensures human organization that goes back to the aspect or company development. Everything about staffing leads back to efficient company performance. This means that staffing is important in fulfilling the future needs of employees because the staff mirrors how an organization will be and how many posts will be vacant, and how many new positions will be established.

Correct staffing builds morale in the organization because the right type of climate is therefore created for the workers. This right atmosphere contributes to the achievement of the objectives of the company. By staffing effectively, management shows the significance of the attachment of working personnel and the enterprise which further increases the morale of the workers. Staffing also reduces cost of production because it helps in appointing and giving the right job to the right person and at the right time ensures that there is no wastage and less mistakes can be made by efficient personnel during production. In this case, staffing is also important because it is a source of satisfaction for the employee. This is because jobs are allocated among the employees according to their liability, qualifications and talents and this gives employee satisfaction regarding their jobs.

Staffing also maintains employee coordination. It establishes unity among them too. This is because staffing assigns their jobs according to their abilities which ensures that they are well involved in their different tasks and ensures healthy relationships among the staff.

Ultimately, it should be known that many business fail due to financial distress created from poor human resource management which involves poor staffing and therefore human capital should be allocated to lead top maximum productivity. Staff allocation and staff planning should be on long term basis keeping in mind the strategic goals of the organization in order to secure different skills and talents and abilities that are needed to achieve the goals of the organization.  Like all other company assets, human resource is quite an asset to a company. Therefore, by being clear about your goals, a manager can make plans and implement changes in staff that brings the organization close to its goals. In addition to having sufficient stuff, an organization also needs the right people in the right positions which will make the business run smoothly and more effectively. Throughout staffing, managers are also expected to be on the lookout for staff members that can be promoted, developed, retained or fired. This keeps the company going in the right direction. Staffing development helps in keeping retention rates high and saves money that would have been used for hiring and new employee training.






Gardner, R. (1998). How well do you really know whom you hire? The CPA Journal, 68(3), 62-65.

Brown, B., & Campion, M.A. (1994). Biodata phenomenology; Recrutiers’ perceptions and use of biographical information in resume screening. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 897-908.

Roth, P.L., BeVier, C.A., Switzer, F.S., & Schippmann, J.S. (1996). Meta-analyzing the relationship between grades and job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology,81, 548-556.

Kettinger, W. J., & Marchand, D. A. (2011). Information management practices (IMP) from the senior manager’s perspective: An investigation of the IMP construct and its measurement. Information Systems Journal, 21(5), 385-406.

Tulsian, P. C., Tulsian, P. C., & Pandey, V. (2008). Business organisation and management. New Delhi: Pearson Education.


Introduction to Humanities 303

The Work of Artemisia Gentileschi as a Renaissance Artist and Early Feminist

Life without Instruction

One wonders how change comes upon an individual until they can no longer be sentimental or even sympathetic. At times what changes us are the surroundings we are in and also the happenings that involve us with others. My mother used to say “Show me your friends and I will tell you who you are”. What people tend to see, hear and also relate to, becomes part of them either consciously or unconsciously. When one is brought up in a place of torture, neglect and frustrations, then he also gets to have the same character. When one identifies it is not the order of life elsewhere and wants change, he or she tends to rebel against the system.  Art is said to be a sense of style too many, but to some it is all about passion and identifying that you have the skill. Learning from the veterans in the art sector helps you develop this skill and you can express yourself. Art can help you to grow and can help you get rid of your inner emotions and feelings.


Author’s Name and publication detail: Grace, S. (2004). LIFE WITHOUT INSTRUCTION: ARTEMISIA, AND THE LESSONS OF PERSPECTIVE. Theatre Research In Canada, 25(1/2), 116-135.

Annotation Details:

In this article, Grace is trying to portray two things; one is the life and character of Artemisia and how she was identified as an early feminist; also how she was written out of art history until feminist scholars began revisiting her story in the 1970s (Clark, 2014,pg. 1) and about the Clark’s play (pg2). She talks about the things she wants to do with the play so as to outline it well to the reader. She begins by examining it primarily as a text, with close attention to one production. This is said to help the reader understand and comprehend the play to start. The second thing that she wants to do is, suggesting a reading of the play through Gentileschi’s paintings rather than through Gentileschi’s biography because there is no doubt that the play draws on her biography. It also suggests parallels between her trauma and some of her paintings. There is also the thought that Clark’s play moves beyond what Pollock calls “a woman wronged.” To suggest a more complex figure of the woman artist with, as Spear notes, “the talent and guts” to succeed in a male world.’’(Clark, 2014, pg. 3).  This is to help into interpreting the play into either images or another form of art. And the third one is, to explore how the play signifies, what choices Clark has made in creating her artist, what a production can reveal. Together with that is what this play, about a seventeenth-century artist, can say to us in the early twenty-first century. The significance of this is to help in identifying the character of Artemisia and creating her work and helping to continue with her legacy. These include the lessons learned from her experience as a feminist.

The Clark’s play talks of two acts that have a flow of two characters who are Judith with Holofernes and Artemisia with Tassi. “Life without Instruction has two acts” (Clark, 2014, pg.8), each consisting of interwoven, uninterrupted scenes that conflate the story of Judith and Holofernes with that of Artemisia and Tassi. These two laws are merely laying out what Artemisia experienced and trying to relate it to the biblical concept of Judith and Holofernes. The second talks of Revenge mostly which still includes the stories of the two pairs. The second act of this play keeps tightening the screws on revenge until the drama becomes a parody of a revenge tragedy. The latter part of the trial lapses into a combination of melodrama and farce “a kind of Punch and Judy show” (Clark, 2014, pg.10) even as Clark draws on some of the most moving testimony and events of the actual trial.

The lessons being learned from this play and of Artemisia’s life story is that no healthy woman can be let down by any man since another one will still have her back. It helps in identifying the purpose of this piece of article and the influence that Artemisia has had on the Feminists society.

How New Things Come Into The World Come Into The World Of Feminist History

The concept of change has always been a bogus to some people and also the aspect of accepting change. Change is believed to bring new things and if not so, to renew things and set them on another plane of thought. Most people have their own special way of achieving new things. Most will adapt to something that has happened, others will adapt by being forced into something. Others will attain new things so as to fit somewhere in the society. New things in the world of today and also in past times have been influenced by people wanting to adapt to a certain way if doing things. Others have used the aspect of disrupting an old process to bring something new into existence.

Author Name and Publication Details: BIDDICK, K. (2013). How New Things Come into the World of Feminist History. Journal Of Social History, 46(4), 1060. doi:10.1093/jsh/sht033

Annotation details

In this article Biddick is trying to explain the essay written by Scott, in trying to explain how the new things come into the perspective of the feminists’ history. In the introduction, Scott tries to explain how she came up to understand the Psychoanalytic theory.  She uses this technique to have an aspect of critical reading practice. She is trying to show how her psychoanalytic theory tries to conflict with her changing thoughts. She also tries to show that Melancholy can be used to show what the future holds for a feministic point of view. “It can have a future”, according to Scott, “if it works through its attachment to melancholy.” (Biddick, 2013,Pg.2). She uses the concept of fantasy to show how it can shape a woman’s thought to be that of a feminist and also the world at large. The book that Scott has written has its purpose of going deeper into issues facing the feminists. This is done with the resistance of being seen as just another book on the surface. Scott uses the painting of Artemesia, ‘Judith and her Maidservant’ to bring out the aspect of letting the people be overtaken by what they want to see and replacing it with a void space so as to gain something new. This has concluded in the essay is how the feminists find something new (Biddick, 2013,pg.4-6).




BIDDICK, K. (2013). How New Things Come into the World of Feminist History. Journal Of Social History, 46(4), 1060. doi:10.1093/jsh/sht033

Grace, S. (2004). LIFE WITHOUT INSTRUCTION: ARTEMISIA, AND THE LESSONS OF PERSPECTIVE. Theatre Research In Canada, 25(1/2), 116-135.





Introduction and Issues

Gun control is one of the major issues here in the United States. Not because it is bad but because of the history and contradictions that surround it. The United States has 88.8 guns per 100 people, and this is an estimate of 270 million, which is the highest total per capita in the world. 22% of all Americans own one or more guns of which 35% are men while 12% are women. These statistics are quite shocking, and one wonders what the real issue is and in a first world country, many questions are raised. According to us general accounting office, it is estimated that 100% of deaths per year in which a child under six years old shoots and kills themselves or another child could be prevented by automatic childproof safety locks. This is a major issue because what we consider as protection is what turns against our children, whom we consider the future leaders. Another issue is that guns in America kill five women in a day. A woman’s risk of being murdered increases to 500% is a gun is present during a domestic dispute.

The centers for disease control listed firearms as the 12th cause of all deaths between 1999 and 2013 representing 1.3% of the total deaths in the United States. The same firearms took the first position in the method of death by homicide, which is 66.6% of all homicides and by suicide, which is 52.2% of all the suicides. The above issues are quite overwhelming considering that the most affected people, in this case, are our women and children who usually form a major backbone in our country. Without them, then we cease to exist. All the above are viewed as crimes by the public and it is one of the most important problems facing our society.



  • The second amendment is not an unlimited right to own guns.-gun control laws are old or older than the second amendment and it is written that like most rights, the right secured by the second amendment is not limited.
  • More gun control laws would reduce gun deaths-the statistics from the total gun deaths are quite alarming considering that there were a total of 464,033 total gun deaths between 1999 and 2013 and this figure has risen tremendously in the past years.
  • High capacity ammunition magazines should be banned because they too often turn murder into mass murder.-these magazines usually turn a killer into a killing machine.
  • More gun control laws are needed to protect women from domestic abusers and stalkers. A study carried out found out that 86% of women killed by firearms were in the United States.
  • Guns are rarely used in self-defense-although people own guns, it is rare that they will use them for the right purposes. In most cases, they are usually used for the wrong purposes
  • Legally owned guns are frequently stolen and used by criminals. These firearms are usually stolen from the US homes during property crimes including burglary and car theft.
  • Gun control laws if enacted they would reduce the societal costs usually associated with gun violence. According to the World Health Organization, the costs of gun violence can include legal services, , foster care, private security, lost earning and time. In addition, homicide rates doubling has been associates with 12.5% decline in property values.
  • A majority of the adults, including gun owners, support common sense gun controls such as background checks, bans on assault weapons, and bans on high capacity magazines.
  • More gun control leads to fewer suicides. This is true because when gun ownership went down in the United States, the overall suicide rates also went down.
  • Passing gun control laws such as mandatory safety features will not only reduce the number of accidental gun deaths but can also end such situations.
  • The presence of a gun makes a conflict more likely to become violent, as one will try to use the weapon in order to resolve the conflict or win the argument.
  • Armed civilians are most unlikely to stop/prevent crimes and are more likely to be involved dangerous situations including mass shootings more deadly than they already are, therefore endangering more lives than it would have been.
  • Countries with restrictive gun control laws have a lower gun homicide and suicide rates than the United States and we should follow suit in the same. Such countries include Switzerland and Finland.
  • The second amendment whose intention was to protect the right of militias to own guns, not the right of individuals.
  • Civilians including hunters should not own military grade firearms or firearm accessories. The firearms that are widely used today were made for mass killing, not to use for law-abiding citizens.






  • The second amendment of the United States constitution protects individual gun ownership. This reads that a well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right if the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
  • Gun control laws usually do not prevent crime, gun ownership prevents crime. This is true as the saying that if guns are outlawed, only outlaws will have guns.
  • Gun control laws infringe upon the right to self-defense and deny people a sense of safety
  • Gun control laws, especially to those related to the ban of assault weapons, they infringe upon the right to own guns for hunting and sport where most people are involved in.
  • Gun control laws will not prevent criminals from obtaining guns or breaking laws. They will still break laws no matter the laws that are present.
  • Gun control laws give too much power to the government and may result in government tyranny and the government taking away all guns from the citizens, either they are eligible to own the guns or not.
  • Gun control laws like background checks and the micro stamping are an invasion of privacy.
  • More gun control is unnecessary because guns kill relatively few people
  • Gun control laws and lower gun ownership rates do not prevent suicides
  • More gun control is needed; education about guns and gun safety is needed to prevent accidental gun deaths.
  • Gun control laws would prevent citizens from protecting themselves from foreign invaders.
  • Strict gun control laws do not work in other countries such as Mexico, and this will not work in the United States. Mexico has one of the stringent gun controls in the world and yet it has usually leading gun murders in the world.
  • Gun control laws have been seen to be racist and usually are aimed at inner city, poor black communities are usually perceived as more dangerous than white gun owners are.
  • The second amendment whose intention was to protect gun ownership of all able-bodied personnel so that they could contribute in the militia to keep the peace and defend the country if needed.
  • Gun control efforts have proved to be ineffective because there is no correlation between waiting periods and murder or robbery rates.(Unknown, 2016)

Recommended solutions

According to the US president, the following full recommendations are required for gun control issues.

  • Gun safety where a culture of gun safety should be established.
  • Mental health treatment by ensuring that accessible, high quality, culturally competent and widely accessed mental health treatment in the implementation of the affordable care act.
  • Trauma reduction by reducing children’s exposure to violence and addressing the impact of trauma by implementing recommendations from the attorney generals national task force on children exposed to violence.
  • Sensible gun laws by banning high capacity magazines, expanding the 24-hour background check to make it universal and reinstituting the assault weapons ban immediately.
  • Comprehensive solutions by charging the department of justice and others in identifying a solution in 90 days.
  • Safe communities by supporting citywide planning and implementation of comprehensive violence, prevention plans that include prevention, intervention, enforcement, rehabilitation, and reentry.
  • Public health solutions by recognizing gun violence as a critical and preventable public health problem.
  • Unshackle the CDC to restore CDC’s freedom to study this issue and provide science based guidance.(Institute, 2016)









Works Cited

Institute, U. P. (2016, 02 24). Gun Violence Must Stop. Retrieved from Prevention Institute:

Unknown. (2016, 02 24). Should More Gun Controls be Enacted. Retrieved from;Explore Pros and Cons of Controversial Issues: